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The winter school aims to present comprehensively Armenia and the region to students in the context of historical, cultural, political, social, economic, and security issues. The school is particularly important for those interested in world politics, international relations, and political studies in general.



YSU vice-rector for development and innovation Mikayel Hovhannisyan mentioned that YSU cooperates with "SciencesPo" University for the first time, and the winter school is considered the first step of long-term cooperation. In his speech, M. Hovhannisyan noted that further joint activities might include student and professor exchange programs, research projects, and summer and winter schools. According to the YSU vice-rector, the school can be used as a model in the framework of cooperation with other partner universities interested in regional politics.



Referring to the other opportunities offered by the winter school, the vice-rector stated that cultural and political theories developed at Yerevan State University will be presented within its framework.


"The Center for Civilization and Cultural Research of YSU has developed a theory called "Three Seas System". It represents the Mediterranean, Black, and Caspian Sea regions. "Many processes in the region are analyzed taking into account that they are mainly determined by the coefficient and competitive factors existing there, which affect the whole world," M. Hovhannisyan pointed out.


In a conversation with us, the senior researcher of "SciencesPo" University, Katie Rousselent, stated that YSU's cooperative relationship with its partners contributed to the fact that the winter school was held in Armenia, at YSU. According to her, it is particularly important to acquire comprehensive knowledge about the region in the given region.



It should be noted that within the framework of the school, lecturers from both YSU and partner universities will give lectures, meetings will be organized with executive and legislative authorities, civil society, and mass media representatives, and study visits will be made to Yerevan's Mesrop Mashtots Matenadaran, Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute.

Not long after publication, the monograph gained recognition and demand among both Armenian and foreign specialists. This is the third book on this topic by the author who has published more than 100 scientific articles in international high-ranking journals. It is devoted to the theory of hyperidentities and its applications in discrete mathematics.



The book is an important guide for students, post-graduates, and researchers of YSU departments of mathematics and mechanics, as well as informatics and applied mathematics. It paves way for the development of languages of second-order logic, where quantifier generality and existence exponents are also imposed on operation and predicate symbols.


Intended for specialists in algebra, mathematical logic, discrete mathematics, model theory and their applications, the monograph is rich with unsolved problems, the solutions of which can serve as the basis for further stages of development of the theory of hyperidentities.


Let us emphasize that having received comprehensive knowledge about the field, YSU students can also contribute to the development of the theory and the solution of the proposed problems. In this context, it is important to note that the author of the book is also a graduate of the University, and the fundamental knowledge he received at the YSU Department of Mathematics and Mechanics played a significant role in his success. His doctoral dissertation was the first in Armenia on this direction of algebra.



The first two monographs by Movsisyan (published in 1986 and 1990) are considered the first monographs on the theory of hyperidentities, dedicated to the original ideas and results of the theory.


Marine Mkrtchyan


On the first day of the workshop, the representatives of Teramo University made a speech of welcome, then Armenian partners and representatives of universities presented the situation at HEIs and revealed the stage of doctoral education reforms at this very moment.


Moreover, at the second half of the day the YSU vice-rector for Development and Innovation Mikayel Hovhannisyan will present a report on the current situation of doctoral education reforms and undertaken activities at YSU. It should be noted that Yerevan State University is represented during the workshop by YSU Vice-Rector for Scientific Affairs Rafayel Barkhudaryan, Vice-Rector for Development and Innovations Mikayel Hovhannisyan, Head of Scientific Policy Department Yeranuhi Manukyan, Director of Doctoral Education Center Armen Sargsyan and Head of YSU-Krisp AI Lab Ashot Harutyunyan.


The purpose of the three-day workshop is to familiarize with the current progress of the program and identify existing obstacles in order to chart a new path for improving doctoral education with the help of research community.

YSU, fulfilling the functions that are the pillars of the university's strategic goals, provides quality education for foreign students as well, expands the scope of cooperation with international educational institutions, and continuously creates connections between Armenian and foreign researchers-lecturers supporting the university's internationalization process.


Students studying in European universities have the opportunity to participate in programs implemented as a result of cooperation between educational institutions, and if they win, they receive a scholarship.



 A scholarship awarded under this collaborative program allows students to choose a university where they will attend a course. Due to its initiative and strong international ties, Yerevan State University has been allowed to be one of the universities where students can apply and continue their studies.


One student from Edinburgh University and three from Cambridge University are currently studying at Yerevan State University.

Within the framework of the specially developed program for them, teaching is organized in English, while part of the lessons is in Persian.



Although the course focuses on studying and learning Persian, there are also theoretical subjects related to Iranian culture, history, Iranian literature, etc.


In addition to compulsory subjects, which are 16 academic hours per week, students are also provided with an Armenian language course, within the framework of which they get to know the culture and history of our country, as well as Armenian-Iranian cultural and historical borrowings. Students make educational visits to historical and cultural places, museums, and scientific and educational institutions of Armenia.


This cooperation is important both in terms of developing scientific-academic and inter-university interaction. It is an indicator of YSU's high ranking, quality education, skilled professors and scientists, and strong international ties. Such interactions emphasize the educational quality and recognition of the Department of Iranian Studies of the Faculty of Oriental Studies of YSU, due to which students of famous European universities have chosen to continue their studies here.



The students who came from Cambridge and Edinburgh universities and were educated at YSU mentioned to us that they aim to apply the academic knowledge they have received here by engaging in scientific activities in various scientific and educational institutions, universities, research institutes, and elsewhere.


Bilateral cooperation can become the basis for the continuation of the program and for expanding the scope of the involvement of students from other European countries. Negotiations have already been launched with the University of Edinburgh, which is one of YSU's partners and recruits students who want to participate in YSU's educational programs, then organizes their study process at YSU.


Such programs are intended for students who wish to improve their language and geography skills. Oxford University students are planned to be included in the program next year.

The above-mentioned book, consisting of 450 pages, includes information on fungal genomics, innovative medical and nutritional applications of fungal biomaterials and metabolites, and fungi as a biofuel source.



Fungi are simple eukaryotic life forms that humankind has used since ancient times in various biotechnological processes (baking, winemaking, medicine, pharmaceuticals, food production, etc.). The perspectives for the biotechnological multi-field application of fungi are great, which depend on the multifaceted study of the biological, morpho-ecological, physiological, genetic, and other features of these organisms.


During the interview, Professor Badalyan presented the history of initiation and implementation of fundamental research in the direction of fungal biology and biotechnology at YSU since the 80s. She stated that even today these areas attract the attention of scientists from the point of view of both basic and applied research, which are current, promising, and prospective.


Referring to the structure and content of the book, S. Badalyan noted that the 16 chapters of the book include the results and theoretical analyzes of the research works of 38 internationally renowned scientists in the field of fungal biotechnology.



Nowadays, scientific pieces of research in the mentioned directions in YSU are carried out at a high international level, as evidenced by articles published in many periodicals by S. Badalyan and her international colleagues, reports presented at international conferences, the publication of the seventh book by the world's leading scientific and technological and medical publishing houses "Springer" and "CRC Press".


 According to Professor Badalyan, the publications of "Springer" and "CRC Press" regarding the asexual reproduction in the life cycle of agaricomycetes fungi, the study of genetic information to reveal their biotechnological and pharmacological potential, as well as the prospects of obtaining various biotechnological products of fungal origin are a great contribution to the field of fungal biotechnology. From the point of view of knowledge completion and application, S. Badalyan mentioned that currently, the separate chapters of the four books presented with international cooperation in the mentioned fields are in the process of printing by "Springer" and "CRC Press" publishing houses.



To organize scientific research works in the field of fungal biotechnology at YSU, a collection of genetically identified pure cultures of 580 strains of 180 species were created and preserved in Professor Badalyan's laboratory.


"For several decades, successful research and published books in the field of fungal biotechnology at YSU are a great contribution to increasing the international ranking of the mother university," added Prof. Badalyan.


The published books will be of interest, especially to master's students and post-graduates specializing in the fields of fungal biology and biotechnology, fungal genetics, molecular taxonomy, and phylogeny.