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 The research is aimed at assessing the efficiency of the local self-governance (LSG) in forest and specially protected natural areas based on both internal and external criteria.

 

At the current stage the project team has summarized the assessment of efficiency of local self-governance based on internal criteria. The efficiency assessment has been possible through application of a 3-layer analysis methodology preceded by classification of provisions of Armenian Law “On Local Self-Governance”, which allowed to distinguish 3 groups of regulations. Thus, the 1st group cover the organizational basics of the local self-governance bodies, the 2nd group includes the LSG functions and activities, and the 3rd encompasses regulations on community budget, financing and development programs.

 

Through assessing the extent of efficiency of LSG against its goals and objectives in the selected communities the research team has come to quite interesting conclusions: the community objectives related to environmental protection are not supported by relevant functions, material, human and financial resources vital for implementation thereof. The LSG functions in the sphere of forest and specially protected areas are strictly limited and lack relevant implementation tools. LSG bodies, in their turn, cannot be praised for their initiative, full-scale implementation of their functions and undertaking additional commitments. In the result of this the LSG bodies in Armenia are not capable to ensure the right of the community to benefit from the ecosystem services of forests and specially protected areas, while the rich potential of ecosystem services and the opportunity of sustainable use thereof is widely recognized by experts, public authorities and LSG representatives.

 

Assessment of the LSG efficiency based on external criteria is on the research agenda for the coming months which will greatly benefit from the planned study tour to Switzerland.

 

The outcomes of the research will be published as 2 consecutive articles in a peer-reviewed scientific journal. In parallel, a policy brief summarizing the research results will be prepared and presented to the Government of Armenia. The Policy brief building on the research will outline the possible legal and economic solutions that may be useful for communities to move towards receiving greater benefits from the ecosystems services of forests and specially protected areas, as well as engaging in the management processes thereof.

 

The relevant UN unit regularly conducts environmental performance assessments in various countries.

It was first implemented in Armenia in 2000.

 

The Government of the Republic of Armenia has applied to the UN Commission on Environmental Performance Assessment in Armenia.

To this end, a team of international experts arrived in Armenia on March 15-22 to hold meetings with government officials, civil society, national experts and business representatives.

The experts aim to improve Armenia's environmental performance by assessing developments over the past decade in air quality, water management, biodiversity, specially protected areas, soil conservation, waste, chemicals management and the "green" economy.

Marianna Bolshakova praised the results of the meeting with Geghamyan and noted that the expert team of the UN Economic Commission for Europe will take into account the recommendations of the Director of the Environmental Law Scientific-Educational Center of YSU Faculty of Law when compiling the package of proposals.

It should be noted that the scientific topic was funded by the Science Committee as a result of a competition for scientific topics within the framework of contractual funding of scientific and technical activities.

We talked about the goals of the scientific program and the expected results with Hovik Panosyan, Associate Professor of the Department of Biochemistry, Microbiology and Biotechnology, YSU Faculty of Biology, Candidate of Biological Sciences, Head of the above-mentioned scientific program.

 

The EPSs produced by extremophilic prokaryotes display a wide structural diversity and due to their physical, rheological and some other unique properties have found applications from pharmaceutical to food-processing, but can also be used in production of paints, detoxification and bioremediation processes. The purpose of the current project is to reveal EPS producers among thermophilic and halophilic bacteria and archaea isolated from Armenian geothermal springs, saline-alkaline soils and subterranean salt deposit. Moreover, chemical-physical and structural features of their produced EPSs will be performed. The whole genome sequences of active producers will be investigated to reveal EPS encoding genes. The successful outcome is promising to get novel undescribed and biotechnologically prospective active producers of EPS and genes involved in their synthesis.

 

Numerous extremophilic microbes produce exopolysaccharides (EPS) as a significant strategy to survive in extreme conditions. The EPSs produced by extremophilic prokaryotes display a wide structural diversity and due to their physical, rheological and some other unique properties have found applications from pharmaceutical to food-processing, but can also be used in production of paints, detoxification and bioremediation processes.

 

 


The purpose of the current project is to reveal EPS producers among thermophilic and halophilic bacteria and archaea isolated from Armenian geothermal springs, saline-alkaline soils and subterranean salt deposit. Moreover, chemical-physical and structural features of their produced EPSs will be performed. The whole genome sequences of active producers will be investigated to reveal EPS encoding genes. The successful outcome is promising to get novel undescribed and biotechnologically prospective active producers of EPS and genes involved in their synthesis.

Using histological, cytological, immunohistochemical methods, histomorphological changes in the mucous membrane of the upper respiratory tract of patients with COVID-19-associated mycoses will be examined in order to detect immune inflammation.

The data obtained will make it possible to identify the cytological patterns of the development of inflammatory processes, to find out the presence of immunopathological processes in conditions of exposure to mycofactors in the mucous membrane of patients with COVID-19-associated mycoses of the upper respiratory tract.

The results of the study will serve as the basis for the development of preventive and therapeutic measures in the fight against COVID-19.

 

Mycoses are diseases the exciter of which are  pathogenic fungi.  Currently 100 species of pathogenic fungi  and 400 species of  conditionally pathogenic fungi are known. These fungi are common in soil, mold spores and particles are  always present in the air in cities, flats/houses, open areas. It is shown that the particles detached from the mycelium often contaminated surfaces and some of these fragments may remain viable and grow. The concentration of fragments of fungi in indoor air reaches the level 29 to 146 particles in mm.

In case of proper conditions the spores and particle of  pathogenic  fungi  are penetrated into human’s tissue and cause mycotic processes. Molds produce toxic substances like mycotoxinswhich cause a number of pathogenic phenomena development in organism.

Currently in many countries are  observed  cases of mycosеs morbidity growth. This is due to a number of  circumstances. First of all, it is the increase in diseases that are accompanied by immune deficiency. Mycosеs morbidity growth is also due to the uncontrolled use of antibiotics which stifle the growth of bacteria and cause dysbacteriosis. As a result a fungal infection is developed.  Upper respiratory mycoses are observed quite often as the  mucosa of these organs as well as the skin are the first bulwark against fungal infections and are the first place of deployment

 

It is obvious that the second Artsakh war was an important information occasion both in the world and in the Arabic-speaking environment, after which they started writing about that conflict much more than in the last decade.

This is shown by the observation of the geographical results of the search for Nagorno Karabakh on Google Trends.

 

It is obvious that the second Artsakh war was an important information occasion both in the world and in the Arabic-speaking environment, after which they started writing about that conflict much more than in the last decade.

This is shown by the review of the geographical results of the search for Nagorno Karabakh on Google Trends.

"The challenges and developments expected for the security of the Republic of Armenia and Artsakh, and especially for the Armenian communities in the Middle East, need to be studied and evaluated. Therefore, the aim of the research is to answer those questions through the content study of Arabic-language digital media,”says Hayk Kocharyan, Associate Professor, Head of the Chair of Arabic Studies at YSU Faculty of Oriental Studies.